Seven Layers Your Skin Is Made Up Of

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Seven Layers Your Skin Is Made Up Of

Everyone's skin is made up of 7 layers. Knowing the 7 layers of the skin and how they work can better help your knowledge of hour to repair or treat any areas of concern. Many skincare routines only care for 2 or 3 layers, and neglect the others. Get ample results out of your skincare routine,by understanding the layers of your skin and researching how best to treat all 7 layers of the skin.

1. Stratus Corneum

This layer, along with the Epidermis are the layers of skin you see when you look in the mirror. This layer of the skin acts a protective barrier, to keep bacteria out of your skin while locking moisture in. Age leads to this layer of the skin becoming flaky and dry. Exfoliating regularly, and moisturizing will help maintain and prevent negative effects of aging. 

2. Epidermis

The layer is full of cells that produce keratin. As we age this part of our becomes thinner, as less keratinocytes are produced. Pigment producing cells, named melanocytes are also affected  with age, causing the skin to incur age spots. Products that encourage the skin to product keratinocytes are best for this, as well as biotin.

3. Dermal-Epidermal Junction

This layer is made up mostly of collagen, in younger skin, this layer is the contributor to the skin's resilience, which causes it "bounce back" effortlessly from any stressors or harm it may incur. This layer becomes less responsive as we age.

4. Dermis

Responsible for our skin's plumpness, thickness and flexibility. Allows our skin to stretch and tightly resume its shape. Comprised of blood vessels, hair follicles as well as nerves, the dermis holds elastin and collagen which are produced with less frequency with age. Collagen and elastin begin to bundle together, forming skin that is more rigid and less supple.

5. Hypodermis

Our skin is made up of cells responsible for its suppleness, and plumpness. As we age these cells shrink, giving our faces a hollow appearance.

6. Muscle 

As we age, like our bones our muscles shrink. Repetitive facial expressions can create deep wrinkles and fine lines in our foreheads and in-between our eyebrows, necks, and areas around our lips. 

7. Bone

Metabolism describes the process in which our body breaks down and metabolizes our bones, while replacing them. Osteoporosis can also happen with the bones our face- which describes our bones becoming thinner over thinner. If the bones in our face becomes thinner, our skin becomes effected as it causes our skin to sag! The jaw and cheekbones are typically the first bones to become affected. Calcium helps to minimize and prevent this process to avoid jowls and maintain a healthy bone strength.